Marrakesh Treaty

National Implementations of the Marrakesh Treaty by Countries that have Ratified or Acceded to the Treaty

Click for an interactive map with details on Marrakesh Treaty implementation by country.

ARL-CARL Task Force on Marrakesh Treaty Implementation

The joint ARL-CARL Task Force on Marrakesh Implementation advises the Associations on approaches to the implementation of articles of the Marrakesh Treaty that facilitate access to published works for persons who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise print disabled. Read more about the Task Force here.

Getting Started: Implementing the Marrakesh Treaty for persons with print disabilities, a practical guide for librarians

This getting started guide to the Marrakesh Treaty by the International Federal of Library Associations and Institutes (IFLA) includes a forward by Victoria Owen, chair of the ARL-CARL Task Force on Marrakesh Treaty Implementation.

Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled (2013)

This the official Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled as adopted by the Diplomatic Conference of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in June 2013.

The Marrakesh Treaty—Helping to end the global book famine (2016)

An overview of the Marrakesh Treaty, including data on the scale of the problem: 285 million people worldwide are blind or visually impaired. 90% of them live on low incomes in developing and least developed countries, and only 1–7% of books are published in a format they can read.

Report of the ARL Joint Task Force on Services to Patrons with Print Disabilities (2012)

This report predates adoption of the Marrakesh Treaty. The report notes that The US Copyright Act includes specific exceptions that support library efforts to create accessible works, including section 107 (fair use), section 110(8) (certain performances and displays) and section 121 (Chafee Amendment). The report also notes that the Authors Guild, Inc., et al., v. HathiTrust, et al. decision strongly affirms that libraries may rely upon fair use and the Chafee Amendment of the Copyright Act to make works accessible.